Tag Archives: diagnosis

Artificial Intelligence in Mesothelioma Diagnosis, Prognosis, and Treatment Planning

Artificial Intelligence

Two newly-published studies highlight some of the ways that artificial intelligence may help with the diagnosis and treatment of malignant mesothelioma.  The first study focuses on machine learning algorithms for mesothelioma diagnosis. Researchers used data from Turkey, which has a high rate of mesothelioma among families.  A separate study from New York’s Mount Sinai Medical Center demonstrates the role that artificial intelligence can play in planning mesothelioma radiotherapy. Both studies suggest that machine learning may be a valuable tool to help doctors tackle asbestos cancer.  How Does Machine Learning Work? Artificial intelligence refers to intelligence generated by a computer. Like people, computers have to “learn” before they can provide intelligent answers to medical questions.  In both of the new studies, … Continue reading Artificial Intelligence in Mesothelioma Diagnosis, Prognosis, and Treatment Planning »

Epithelioid Mesothelioma and Lung Cancer: Biomarker Shows Which is Which

epthelioid mesothelioma and lung cancer

Researchers from Hiroshima University say they have found a nearly foolproof way to tell the difference between epithelioid mesothelioma and lung cancer.  This is critical because the prognosis can be very different between the two. They are also treated differently.  But epithelioid mesothelioma and lung cancer are similar in many ways. They cause many of the same symptoms. Even their cells look similar under the microscope. This can make it hard for doctors to deliver an accurate and timely diagnosis.  If the new findings are right, the biomarker identified by the Hiroshima researchers could be a diagnostic gamechanger.  Lung Adenocarcinoma or Pleural Mesothelioma? At first glance, epithelioid mesothelioma and lung cancer seem to be very different. Mesothelioma makes up about … Continue reading Epithelioid Mesothelioma and Lung Cancer: Biomarker Shows Which is Which »

Breast Cancer and Mesothelioma: Case Study Illustrates Diagnostic Challenge

breast cancer and mesothelioma

A newly published Croatian case illustrates how challenging it can sometimes be to distinguish between breast cancer and mesothelioma. The case involves a 61-year-old woman with what appeared to be breast cancer. Further study revealed that what the woman actually had was pleural mesothelioma. The mesothelioma had spread to her breast.  Breast cancer and mesothelioma cells look similar under the microscope. But they are very different. The authors of the new report caution doctors against the “pitfall” of mistaking one for the other.  Breast Metastasis is Rare Pleural mesothelioma occurs on the membrane that surrounds the lungs. It is rare for mesothelioma to spread to the breast. The most common place for mesothelioma cells to spread is the lungs.  Women … Continue reading Breast Cancer and Mesothelioma: Case Study Illustrates Diagnostic Challenge »

Mesothelioma and Lung Cancer: These Biomarkers Can Tell the Difference

mesothelioma and lung cancer

Researchers in Canada say when it comes to distinguishing between mesothelioma and lung cancer, some proteins are more valuable than others.  The team has identified an especially important protein biomarker for mesothelioma. A biomarker is a compound in body fluid or tissue that can act as a signpost for disease.  Understanding the value of this particular protein as compared to other biomarkers may improve the testing process for mesothelioma. Pleural mesothelioma and lung cancer share many of the same characteristics. Both affect the lungs and both cause similar symptoms. But they are treated differently.  It is not always easy to tell these two cancers apart, even with high-level diagnostic tools. But the biomarker testing completed in Canada may make it … Continue reading Mesothelioma and Lung Cancer: These Biomarkers Can Tell the Difference »

Diagnostic CT Scan for Mesothelioma: More is Better

diagnostic ct scan

A new report out of the UK suggests that a thorough diagnostic CT scan for pleural mesothelioma should include images of the abdomen and pelvis, as well as the chest.  When a person goes to the doctor with early signs of malignant pleural mesothelioma, a CT scan of the chest is often the next step in making a diagnosis. CT scans create a 3-dimensional image of internal organs, making it easier to spot mesothelioma tumors.  But a research team led by the University of Bristol says a diagnostic CT scan that shows only the chest might miss mesothelioma tumors in other areas. How a Diagnostic CT Scan Works CT stands for computerized tomography. CT scanning is an advanced type of … Continue reading Diagnostic CT Scan for Mesothelioma: More is Better »

Exhaled Breath Analysis: Is it the Future of Mesothelioma Diagnosis?

exhaled breath analysis

A new report says there is much for the mesothelioma community to be excited about in the technology known as exhaled breath analysis.  Several studies suggest the method is as accurate at identifying mesothelioma as some more invasive tests.  Researchers at the University of Leuven in Belgium led the new study. They analyzed six other studies on exhaled breath analysis The goal was to see how accurate the method is for diagnosing mesothelioma and other asbestos diseases. The researchers conclude that things look good for exhaled breath analysis, but there is more to learn.  Searching for Signs of Mesothelioma Pleural mesothelioma is an aggressive lung-related cancer caused by exposure to asbestos. It can take decades to develop, but once it … Continue reading Exhaled Breath Analysis: Is it the Future of Mesothelioma Diagnosis? »

Mesothelioma in Women: Study Reveals Diagnostic Trends

mesothelioma in women

A major study of mesothelioma in women finds that women tend to contract the disease earlier in life than men do. The analysis included 354 cases of malignant mesothelioma from a database of more than 2,800.  While the average age for pleural mesothelioma diagnosis is 72, the average age for women to be diagnosed with any type of mesothelioma was just 60. It could mean that the latency period for mesothelioma is shorter for women than it is in men. It could also mean that women are more attuned to mesothelioma symptoms and recognize the disease sooner.  Mesothelioma’s Long Latency  The latency period is the time between exposure to a cancer-causing agent and the occurrence of cancer. Mesothelioma has one … Continue reading Mesothelioma in Women: Study Reveals Diagnostic Trends »

PET/CT for Mesothelioma Diagnosis: Age and Stage May Impact Accuracy

PET/CT for mesothelioma diagnosis

A new study of PET/CT for mesothelioma diagnosis shows that certain conditions can impact its accuracy. Test results may be less reliable in older patients and in those with very early stage mesothelioma.  The study comes from cancer researchers in Italy. They compared the accuracy of PET/CT for mesothelioma diagnosis in 141 patients over a 9-year period.  A third of the oldest patients with Stage 1 pleural mesothelioma received false negative results. The figure jumped to 40 percent when age was not considered.  What is PET/CT for Mesothelioma Diagnosis? Positron emission tomography (PET) and computed tomography (CT) are non-invasive methods of looking at internal tissues.  A CT scan takes X-rays from different angles. A computer compiles the images into a … Continue reading PET/CT for Mesothelioma Diagnosis: Age and Stage May Impact Accuracy »

Video-Assisted Pleural Biopsy for Mesothelioma is Not Always Accurate

video-assisted pleural biopsy

New research shows some patients are more likely to get an accurate mesothelioma diagnosis from video-assisted pleural biopsy than others.  Cancer doctors at Japan’s Hyogo College of Medicine conducted the new research. It included four hundred patients with suspected pleural mesothelioma.   The researchers found that certain conditions can affect the accuracy of video-assisted pleural biopsy. Patients with early stage mesothelioma, a lot of inflammation, or fibrous connective tissue around their tumors were more likely to be misdiagnosed. Biopsy for Mesothelioma Diagnosis VATS is the acronym for video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery. It is a minimally-invasive surgical technique to diagnose problems in the chest. Mesothelioma tumors grow on the membrane around the lungs (pleura). Doctors may use the video-assisted pleural biopsy technique … Continue reading Video-Assisted Pleural Biopsy for Mesothelioma is Not Always Accurate »

Uncertainly, Worry, and Hope Characterize the Experience of Mesothelioma

experience of mesothelioma

The experience of mesothelioma is characterized by uncertainty and worry for some patients. But the same patients say they are also optimistic and hopeful.  These findings come from in-depth interviews with seven people with pleural mesothelioma. They were all patients at Penn-Presbyterian Medical Center in Philadelphia.  This is not the first study on the lived experience of mesothelioma. But the authors say American mesothelioma patients are underrepresented in the medical literature. The US has a higher number of mesothelioma deaths each year than any other country.  The new study shows the experience of these patients is much like that of mesothelioma patients elsewhere in the world.  Fostering Understanding, Identifying Needs Mesothelioma is an extremely rare cancer with a poor prognosis. … Continue reading Uncertainly, Worry, and Hope Characterize the Experience of Mesothelioma »